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Industrial and Transportation Revolution: Causes & Effects

Cause and Effect

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Industrial and Technological Developments
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Cotton and Cotton Gin
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 In 1789 Samuel Slater brings over designs of a machine used in a British Factory for spinning cotton threads over to America.

The Industrial Revolution goes into effect, and greatly advances the nations economy, business, and lifestyle

Eli Whitney creates the Cotton Gin in 1793, which separated cottonseeds from its fiber rapidly with the turn of a machine.

With the ability for a single worker to clean more cotton than 50 other workers, farmers demanded the need of more slaves for growth of more cotton because of the capability to clean more cotton at a quicker rate.

In 1789 Eli Whitney receives a contract to create 10,000 rifles in 28 months from the United States.

Eli Whitney comes up with the plan of interchangeable parts, which created large amounts of identical parts to produce and sell products in large quantities.

The Cotton Gin could clean cotton much faster, which encouraged farmers to raise larger crops.

During 1790 and 1820, the production of cotton grew from 3,000 to 300,000 bales a year

The nation was in need for inland roads for travel and the shipping of goods from seaport to seaport.

New roads were created including the “corduroy road” and then “turnpike, or toll road”. A national road was also built later on across the nation.

River travel began advancing with definite advantages over road travel but still had problems such as traveling against the current with a slow and difficult ride.

In 1807, a steamboat named the Clermont was created by Robert Fulton, and greatly out timed voyages made by sailboats. Steamboats soon became widely used for its smooth ride and the lowering of the cost of shipping goods.

Steamboat routes depended on existing rivers, and were limited to the locations they could travel to.

De Witt Clinton provides a plan of canals, that would be artificial waterways to connect the East and West of the United States and allow boats and ships to travel to more places.

A railroad that would span the continent and come to all communities was needed in America.

A plan to build the Transcontinental Railroad came up that would go across the nation and unify Americans everywhere.

Railroads and railroad tracks were created from natural resources such as iron, steel, and coal.

Industries that created these resources greatly grew from the demand and popular use of railroads and railroad tracks.