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Industrial and Transportation Revolution: Causes & Effects

Industrial and Transportation Revolution Timeline

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Annotated Timeline of Events
 
1789- Samuel Slater, an American who worked in a British factory for spinning cotton threads, slipped out of Britain and brought the designs of the machines that he memorized to America. He then duplicated all of the machines and used them to create cotton thread. 
 
1793- Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin. This was a machine that seperated the cotton and its seeds quicker than a man could by hand. This increased the desire for slaves because with the cotton gin, farmers could now plant more cotton.

1798- An inventor by the name of Eli Whitney was asked to make 10,000 rifles in 28 months. This would take quite a sum of time and effort, so he decided to make a mold and create parts in the shape of the mold. The idea of interchangeable part was that the parts were to be identical, however they were rough and had to be detailed by hand. Nevertheless, interchangeable parts sped up the production of parts and sped up the process of making many products.

1802- Robert Livingston hired Robert Fulton to build a steam engine. Robert Fulton would later make the first traveling steam engine, the Clermont. It would need a powerful engine to support heavy cargo and passengers that would be transported along water.

1806- Congress approves National Road. The National Road was a road that would connect the nation by running across the country. Previously, the South, East, and West couldn't decide if this road should be built and who should pay for it.

1807- Robert Fulton's Clermont travels from New York to Albany.
 
1812- War of 1812 causes the Westward movement to subside for a period of time.

1816- James Monroe was elected for president.

1817- Construction of the Erie Canal began. This would later revolutionize the transportation industry by making it much cheaper to transport goods from one place to another.

1818- The first section of the National Road opened. It had been delayed because of the war of 1812.

1824- Henry Clay promotes the American system. Henry Clay's American System was a system of policies which he believed would benefit the whole nation.

1825- The Eerie Canal is completed. Cannons were set up along the canal and were fired to celebrate its completion.

1869- The first Transcontinental Raiload is finished. The two series of tracks connected at Promontory Point which is located in Utah. The governor of California, Leland Stanford, planted the final spike to connect the two railroads.

1880- The standard gauge for railroad tracks was adopted by most railroad companies. This made it easier and cheaper to transport goods from one place to another because they didn't have to change trains anymore.

1883- The North Pacific Railroad opens.

1890- 5 main railway lines cross the county. Having a standard gauge really helped the railway lines because now they didn't have to change trains.